Concern about Facebook's respect for data privacy is widening to include the information it collects about non-users, after Chief Executive Mark Zuckerberg said the world's largest social network tracks people whether they have accounts or not.
When Facebook was alerted in 2015 that 87 million profiles were collected by Cambridge Analytica, a data consulting firm, those users were not notified and the process of notifying these users is still underway.
Communication and Informatics Minister Rudiantara asserted that he will not hesitate to shut down Facebook's operation in Indonesia if the social media giant is proven to bring negative influences towards the country and its society. He didn't mention whether those other apps included Facebook's own Messenger, as well as Instagram and WhatsApp, which are also both owned by Facebook. But Facebook's business model, as Zuckerberg repeatedly explained in his testimony, depends upon ads shown to people based on the interests they share on the network.
The current FTC investigation will look at whether Facebook engaged in "unfair acts" that cause "substantial injury" to consumers. While it is owned by Facebook, he said Instagram is a powerful marketing platform.
For the first time ever, Facebook's founder and CEO, billionaire Mark Zuckerberg, appeared before Congress for two days of hearings. Further, it added that "a study of girls between the ages of 10 and 12 found [that] the more they used social networking sites like Facebook, the more likely they were to idealise thinness, have concerns about their bodies, and to have dieted". "I think it's those kinds of manipulation of policy messages or political messages that potentially undermined the civil discourse and the kind of nation that we started out as".
The wholesale, planet-wide exploitation of personal data has dark implications, Tufekci said: "We could enter into a phase of "surveillance authoritarianism, ' where we don't face (George Orwell's) '1984" model, where there's open totalitarianism, where we're dragged off in the middle of the night".
He said users should think twice before giving apps access to their Facebook accounts.
Facebook has emphatically insisted that the incident was not, as many have called it, a data breach, because "people knowingly provided their information [to Kogan's app], no systems were infiltrated, and no passwords or sensitive pieces of information were stolen or hacked". "They gave them too much access", he said.
"Senator, I want to make sure I get this accurate so it would probably be better to have my team follow up afterwards", Zuckerberg said.
Do see where I'm going with this?
One of the tensest moments of the hearing came on Wednesday, when Frank Pallone, R-N.J., asked Zuckerberg for a yes-or-no answer on data collection - and did not receive the answer he asked for. "I think there are a number of ways you can get out there". How are we protecting our data? Instead, third parties are simply asking for - and often receiving - people's data through Facebook enabled apps.
Rodgers said other sites like Twitter and LinkedIn don't use "that sort of deep, personal data", while they focus more on what's happening on their platforms with keyword searches and hashtags.
Cambridge Analytica is accused of using a quiz app to ask for data in this manner, before turning around and using the data it harvested for other purposes. It has pointed out practices of companies like YouTube and Google, apart from Facebook, that are potentially harmful to children.