The tranche of 25 per cent tariffs - which covers 279 products including electronic parts, plastics, chemicals, batteries, tractors and railway cars - follows $US34 billion worth of tariffs announced by the USA government in July.
The new tariffs on USA goods will be 25 percent. This is the second tranche of such tariffs and comes into effect on August 23.
In March 2018, the USTR had released the findings of its "exhaustive" Section 301 investigation that found China's acts, policies and practices related to technology transfer, intellectual property, and innovation are "unreasonable and discriminatory and burden United States commerce".
The tariff will mostly apply to industrial equipment, like tractors and chemicals.
The US will impose a 25% tariff on $16 billion worth of Chinese goods starting August 23.
Trade tensions between the USA and China have been intensifying over recent months with each country imposing levies on mutual imports with extra duties.
The dispute has continued to escalate as the sides exchange threats, and Trump last week threatened to jack up the tariff rate on the next $200 billion in Chinese imports it plans to target to 25 percent, from the planned 10 percent.
Sales to the USA rose by 13.3%, while China's surplus with the States shrank marginally to $28.1bn (£21.7bn) last month from a record $29bn (£22.4bn) in June. Washington has long criticised China's trade surplus with the United States and has demanded Beijing cut it.
Trump has threatened to levy a 25% tariff on an additional $200 billion worth of Chinese imports to the USA - a move that would blow open the disagreement between the countries.
The surplus with the United States was higher than China's overall trade surplus in July, which was $28.05 billion, indicating China ran a net trade deficit with the world excluding the U.S.
"Certain people go against the tide for their own private ends and go against morality; the barrier of tariffs wantonly rise, and the stick of hegemony is raised all around", the commentary said.
"Although this may for a moment bring preening with delight, it will make it hard to resolve economic imbalances or out of kilter politics and other deep-rooted problems", it said.
His administration confirmed that its trade assault would soon cover more than $50 billion of products from China.
"We have made the case to the Administration, in the strongest possible terms, that tariffs imposed on semiconductors imported from China will hurt America's chipmakers, not China's, and will do nothing to stop China's problematic and discriminatory trade practices", he said.