Australia has gone through an extraordinary period of political instability since Prime Minister John Howard lost power in 2007 after more than 11 years in office.
Dutton immediately resigned from the home affairs super ministry, moving to the backbench where he will not be constrained by cabinet solidarity which has seen him lock in reluctantly behind Turnbull's position on the national energy guarantee and tax cuts for big business.
Mr Turnbull became prime minister in 2015, after ousting Tony Abbott in a leadership challenge.
"There was also an election for the deputy leader".
So, let's all take a moment to reflect on how much of a roaring bin-fire our democracy is, and how terrible it is to be lead by a government of pissbabies and snakes in ugly men suits, via various sad yet amusing tweets by people.
Climate change was to be the undoing of Turnbull the first time around.
Coincidentally, Turnbull as opposition leader in November 2009 faced a spill motion.
Down in the polls and desperate to hold on to his position, Malcolm Turnbull knows a leadership challenge could be near. But when Hockey refused to oppose a carbon emissions trading scheme, Abbott stood at the December 1 ballot and defeated Turnbull by one vote.
Energy bills rose by up to six times the average wage rise past year according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics. She claimed government after 17 days of negotiation to win crossbench support. In March 2013, Gillard called a spill but no-one challenged.
The leadership crisis followed Turnbull's Monday capitulation to the Coalition rebels over energy policy.
However the ABC understands that despite Mr Dutton challenging him for the leadership, Mr Turnbull later offered his rival the chance to stay on.
"The Labor Party will just want to increase it to 45 per cent - they are in bed with the Greens", she said.
Energy policy, Pauline Hanson and Tony Abbott are all contributing factors to Turnbull's woes, Professor Jennifer Curtin says.
Turnbull won the vote 48 to 35.
While several backers of Mr Dutton have admitted to a "wait and see approach", nine cabinet ministers were ready to get behind the Home Affairs Minister - half of cabinet's 18 Liberals, The Australian reported.