Tariffs were also increased on cosmetics, rice and coal.
Explaining the new tariffs, Turkish Vice-President Fuat Oktay said the rises were ordered "within the framework of reciprocity in retaliation for the conscious attacks on our economy by the U.S. administration".
The Turkish lira plummeted to a record low on Monday, losing almost 40 percent of its value since the start of 2018. Erdogan has encouraged his citizens to sell any American dollars they have to buy local currency, but the lira continues to slide.
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on Tuesday said Turkey would boycott United States electronic goods in retaliation for punitive sanctions by Washington against Ankara over the detention of an American pastor.
The call from businesses came as Erdogan demanded a boycott of Apple and other USA -made products in an effort to hurt the United States.
Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced that the country of 81 million people will boycott American consumer electronics, including Apple's iPhone. It was unclear how he planned to enforce such a boycott.
Turkey has meanwhile resisted pressure to release Brunson - who has been held for two years and is now under house arrest - with officials warning it could face further sanctions. The currency crisis threatens to plunge the world's 18th-largest economy into a financial crisis and trigger contagion in emerging markets and Europe.
Erdogan also renewed a call for Turks to convert their dollars into the lira, to help strengthen the currency.
It recovered a bit, by 4 percent to around 6.12 lira per dollar Wednesday, after the government took steps to shore up the currency by reducing the daily limit in bank foreign currency swap transactions.
Underscoring the ties between the countries, Sheikh Tamim was the first foreign leader to phone President Erdogan during the aborted coup in Turkey in 2016.
The United States imposed sanctions on two Turkish ministers and doubled customs tariffs on Turkish aluminum and steel imports after Brunson was placed in house arrest. Appearing alongside him, Turkey's Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said "the era of bullying must end".
National Security Adviser John Bolton met at the White House on Monday with Turkish ambassador Serdar Kilic, but the discussion reportedly did not result in any substantive progress.
"We will produce every product we are importing from overseas with foreign currency here and we will be the ones exporting these products", he said. They also said Turkey should work to resolve the situation with the United States diplomatically while also improving relations with another major trading partner, the European Union. "The administration is going to stay extremely firm on this", the official said. In July, US President Donald Trump vowed to impose sanctions on Turkey unless Brunson is liberated.
A higher court was however, was scheduled to review the appeal, the agency said.
The Trump administration punished Turkey with economic sanctions and traffic hikes over the detention of an American Christian pastor standing trial on disputed terrorism charges.