The 30-man shortlist for the annual award is separate from FIFA's The Best award, which was won by Luka Modric.
The last English victor was Michael Owen in 2001, but Ronaldo and Messi have established a stunning stranglehold, winning five each.
Wales forward Gareth Bale and England striker Harry Kane are among the nominees for the 2018 Ballon d'Or, BBC Sport reports.
Having lost out in the Federation Internationale de Football Association best player of the year award to Luka Modric, Cristiano Ronaldo takes his place among the 30 nominees for the Ballon d'Or that were being unveiled in stages throughout Monday.
The names are released in groups of five throughout the day, with the full 30-player shortlist eventually being drawn up ahead of the awards ceremony in Paris on 3 December.
The first five Ballon d'Or nominees have been named and a number of Premier League players feature prominently on the list.
A panel of journalists select the Ballon d'Or victor which was first established in 1956 and will this year feature a women's award for the first time.
France internationals Amandine Henry, Amel Majri and Wendie Renard are joined on the list by Germany's Dzsenifer Marozsan, England's Lucy Bronze, Ada Hegerberg of Norway and Japan defender Saki Kumagai.
The Ballon d'Or, which was first won by Englishman Stanley Matthews in 1956, is decided by a ballot of journalists from around the world.
However, FIFA ended its association with the award in September 2016.
The victor will be announced on December 3.