Interpol's vote will be held in Dubai Wednesday.
Worldwide police agency Interpol has elected its acting head South Korean Kim Jong Yang as its new president, a statement on its official Twitter account says.
Prokopchuk, who heads Russia's national Interpol Bureau, is widely seen as the favorite to be elected president of the organization.
"Russia routinely abuses Interpol for the objective of settling scores and harassing political opponents, dissidents and journalists", they wrote.
The legal challenge was announced by financier Bill Browder, named in multiple Interpol warrants, and Mikhail Khodorkovsky - a former oil baron who spent 10 years in a Russian jail and now lives in London exile.
Two prominent Kremlin critics targeted with arrest held a joint press conference to denounce the idea, saying they wanted Russian Federation kicked out of the organization. The reason? Russia, they say, has a track record of using Interpol's systems to crack down on and pursue the Kremlin's political foes.
"This is a ideal way for Putin to basically breathe the fear of God into all of his enemies so they know they can't even escape Russian Federation if one of his guys is at the head of Interpol".
"The Interpol constitution has very specific rules which forbid countries who are serial abusers from using the system", Browder told reporters.
Her husband, whose whereabouts are still unknown, is the latest high-profile target to be ensnared in China's sweeping anti-corruption campaign as Interpol was accused of colluding with Russian Federation over his detention.
Magnitsky, a lawyer working for Mr Browder, was arrested in 2008 after uncovering evidence of large-scale tax fraud among Russian officials. Browder strongly denies the charges.
Russian Federation has rejected the claims and this week announced it was opening a new probe into Browder on suspicion of running a "transnational criminal gang", even suggesting he was behind Magnitsky's death.
And officials in Ukraine and Lithuania said they would consider withdrawing from Interpol if he was elected.
He was instrumental in campaigning for the United States to adopt the Magnitsky Act, which enables the withholding of visas and the freezing of assets of human rights offenders. Mr Browder, once an early supporter of Mr Putin, has since lobbied tirelessly for sanctions against the Russian president and his entourage. Magnitsky and the other accomplices in Browder's crimes could have been poisoned with "sabotage chemicals with aluminum compounds", the agency said.